buoy

[13] Buoy is of disputed origin, as to both its immediate source and its ultimate derivation. One school of thought holds that English borrowed it directly from Old French boie ‘chain’, while another views Middle Dutch boeye as an intermediate stage. Again some etymologists maintain that its beginnings were amongst the Germanic languages, and have connected it with English beacon, while others would trace it via Latin boia ‘strap’ to Greek boeiai ‘ox-leather straps’, a derivative of bous ‘ox’ (which is related to English cow). The meaning of Old French boie favours the latter explanation, the semantic link being that buoys are held in place by chains. Buoyant [16] comes from Spanish boyante, the present participle of boyar ‘float’, which was derived from boya ‘buoy’, a borrowing from Old French boie.

The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins. 2013.

Synonyms:
(to indicate shoals, anchoring-places, etc.)


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Buoy — (bwoi or boi; 277), n. [D. boei buoy, fetter, fr. OF. boie, buie, chain, fetter, F. bou[ e]e a buoy, from L. boia. Boiae genus vinculorum tam ferreae quam ligneae. Festus. So called because chained to its place.] (Naut.) A float; esp. a floating… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Buøy — is an island and neighborhood ( delområde ) in the borough Hundvåg in Stavanger, Norway.The neighborhood has a population of 1,792, distributed on an area of 1,19 km². It consists of the islands Buøy, Engøy and Sølyst/Grasholmen.HistoryThe name… …   Wikipedia

  • buoy — buoy·age; buoy·an·cy; buoy·ant; buoy·ant·ly; buoy·ant·ness; son·o·buoy; buoy; buoy·ance; …   English syllables

  • Buoy — Buoy, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Buoyed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Buoying}.] 1. To keep from sinking in a fluid, as in water or air; to keep afloat; with up. [1913 Webster] 2. To support or sustain; to preserve from sinking into ruin or despondency. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Buoy — Buoy, v. i. To float; to rise like a buoy. Rising merit will buoy up at last. Pope. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • buoy — [bo͞o′ē; ] also, and for v. 3 usually [, boi] n. [ME < (? via MDu boeie) OFr buie, chain < L boia, fetter (see BOY): prob. first applied to the chain anchoring the float] 1. a) a floating object anchored in a lake, river, etc. to mark a… …   English World dictionary

  • buoy — [bɔɪ ǁ ˈbuːi, bɔɪ] verb [transitive] if the market or prices are buoyed, people feel confident and buy stocks and shares, and prices rise: • In Britain, bond prices were buoyed by a rise in the pound. • The market was buoyed by gains in some… …   Financial and business terms

  • buoy — (n.) late 13c., perhaps from either O.Fr. buie or M.Du. boeye, both from W.Gmc. *baukn beacon (Cf. O.H.G. bouhhan, O.Fris. baken). OED, however, supports M.Du. boeie, or O.Fr. boie fetter, chain (see BOY (Cf. boy)), because of its being fettered… …   Etymology dictionary

  • buoy — [n] floating device beacon, drift, float, guide, marker, signal; concept 628 buoy (up) [v] make light, encourage bolster, boost, buck up, cheer, cheer up, encourage, hearten, keep afloat, lift, prop, raise, support, sustain, uphold; concepts 7,22 …   New thesaurus

  • buoy up — index assure (give confidence to), bear (support), bolster, reassure Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • buoy — ► NOUN ▪ an anchored float serving as a navigation mark or for mooring. ► VERB 1) keep afloat. 2) (often be buoyed up) cause to become or remain cheerful and confident. 3) cause (a price) to rise to or remain high. ORIGIN probably from Dutch boye …   English terms dictionary

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